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HistroryEdit

The origin of the word Spaniel is described by the Oxford English Dictionary as coming from the Old French word espaigneul which meant "Spanish (dog)"; this in turn originated from the Latin Hispaniolus which simply means "Spanish". In Edward, 2nd Duke of York's work The Master of Game, which was mostly a 15th century translation of an earlier work by Gaston III of Foix-Béarn entitled Livre de chasse, Spaniels are described as being as much from Spain as you could consider all Greyhounds to be from England or Scotland.


Sixteenth century English physician John Caius wrote that the Spaniels of the time were mostly white, marked with spots that are commonly red. He described a new variety to have come out of France, which were speckled all over with white and black, "which mingled colours incline to a marble blewe".



BreedsEdit

Contemporary

Type of Spaniel Also Known As Country/Region of Origin Min. Height Max. Height Min. Weight Max. Weight Image
American Cocker Spaniel Cocker Spaniel

(in the United States)

United States 13 in (33 cm) 15 in (38 cm) 24 lb (11 kg) 29 lb (13 kg)[10]
American Water Spaniel United States 15 in (38 cm) 18 in (46 cm) 25 lb (11 kg) 45 lb (20 kg)[11]
Blue Picardy Spaniel Epagneul Bleu de Picardi France 22 in (56 cm) 24 in (61 cm)[12] 43 lb (20 kg) 45 lb (20 kg)[13]
Boykin Spaniel United States 15 in (38 cm) 18 in (46 cm) 25 lb (11 kg) 45 lb (20 kg)[14]
Brittany Brittany Spaniel France 17.5 in (44 cm) 20.5 in (52 cm) 30 lb (14 kg) 40 lb (18 kg)[15]
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel England 12 in (30 cm) 13 in (33 cm) 13 lb (5.9 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)[16]
Clumber Spaniel England 17 in (43 cm) 20 in (51 cm) 55 lb (25 kg) 85 lb (39 kg)}[17]
Drentse Patrijshond Dutch Partridge Dog Netherlands 21.5 in (55 cm) 25.5 in (65 cm) 55 lb (25 kg) 77 lb (35 kg)[18]
English Cocker Spaniel Cocker Spaniel

(In the United Kingdom)

England 15 in (38 cm) 17 in (43 cm) 26 lb (12 kg) 34 lb (15 kg)[19]
English Springer Spaniel England 19 in (48 cm) 20 in (51 cm) 40 lb (18 kg) 50 lb (23 kg)[20]
Field Spaniel England 17 in (43 cm) 18 in (46 cm) 35 lb (16 kg) 50 lb (23 kg)[21]
French Spaniel Epagneul Français France 21 in (53 cm) 24 in (61 cm) 50 lb (23 kg) 70 lb (32 kg)[22]
German Spaniel Deutscher Wachtelhund Germany 16 in (41 cm) 20 in (51 cm) 44 lb (20 kg) 66 lb (30 kg)[23]
Irish Water Spaniel Ireland 21 in (53 cm) 24 in (61 cm) 45 lb (20 kg) 65 lb (29 kg)[24]
King Charles Spaniel English Toy Spaniel

(in the United States)

England 9 in (23 cm) 10 in (25 cm) 6 lb (2.7 kg) 12 lb (5.4 kg)[25]
Kooikerhondje Netherlands 14 in (36 cm) 16 in (41 cm) 20 lb (9.1 kg) 24 lb (11 kg)[26]
Large Münsterländer Großer Münsterländer Germany 23 in (58 cm) 25 in (64 cm) 55 lb (25 kg) 70 lb (32 kg)[27]
Papillon Continental Toy Spaniel,

Épagneul Nain Continental

France 8 in (20 cm) 11 in (28 cm)[28] 5 lb (2.3 kg) 10 lb (4.5 kg)[29]
Phalène Continental Toy Spaniel,

Épagneul Nain Continental

Belgium 8 in (20 cm) 11 in (28 cm) 5 lb (2.3 kg) 10 lb (4.5 kg)[30]
Picardy Spaniel Épagneul Picard France 22 in (56 cm) 23.5 in (60 cm) 44 lb (20 kg) 55 lb (25 kg)[31]
Pont-Audemer Spaniel Épagneul Pont-Audemer France 20 in (51 cm) 23 in (58 cm)[32] 40 lb (18 kg) 53 lb (24 kg)[33]
Russian Spaniel Russia 15 in (38 cm) 17 in (43 cm) 28 lb (13 kg) 40 lb (18 kg)[34]
Small Münsterländer Kleiner Münsterländer Germany 19 in (48 cm) 22 in (56 cm) 30 lb (14 kg) 38 lb (17 kg)[35]
Sussex Spaniel England 13 in (33 cm) 15 in (38 cm) 35 lb (16 kg) 44 lb (20 kg)[36]
Welsh Springer Spaniel Wales 17 in (43 cm) 19 in (48 cm) 35 lb (16 kg) 55 lb (25 kg)[37]
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